People with strong health literacy skills enjoy better health and well-being,
while those with weaker skills tend to engage in riskier behaviour and have poorer health.
Mental well-being includes: life satisfaction, optimism, having a purpose in life, and a sense of belonging and support.
Regular activity improves health and reduces the risk of developing chronic diseases. Lifestyle changes are almost always the first step in treatment for people diagnosed with diabetes.
An unhealthy diet is a major risk factor for chronic diseases and poor health. The prevalence of over eating, and consumption of nutrient-poor, calorie dense foods has led to a global epidemic of obesity.
Risk mitigation, in terms of health, refers to the avoidance or reduction of behaviours that directly increase the risk of disease or death.
Hygiene refers to the conditions and practices that help to maintain health and prevent the spread of diseases. Good hygiene therefore includes a specific set of practices associated with this preservation of health.
USE OF PRODUCTS
The rational and responsible use of health products and services as part of self-care involves individuals safely and effectively managing their health, where appropriate with medicines, products or services.